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Messages - Iceman

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Philosophy, Religion & Society / Re: Coronavirus Vaccine and You
« on: May 07, 2021, 09:31:40 PM »
No, this is The Cure.

Flat Earth Theory / Re: Isostasy
« on: May 07, 2021, 12:10:10 AM »
That's fine, anyone else reading might see the quotes I supplied from Hissink, then the quoted portions of abstracts from a journal article, followed by examples of modern GPS monitoring compared to older (postglacial) crustal rebound in formerly glaciated areas.

Philosophy, Religion & Society / Re: President Joe Biden
« on: May 06, 2021, 01:40:27 AM »
Yep, Trump's signature put the cherry on top, but both moves are shite sammiches still.

Flat Earth Community / Re: i dont understand someone help please
« on: May 05, 2021, 09:42:42 PM »
Or to help bridge the gap, you could also take a gander at things from Mawson Research station, at a longitude halfway between Perth and Cape Town

Or any of the other research stations but I used that one as an example here because of its location, and because the Aussie antarctic survey is cited in the FES wiki for other southern hemisphere phenomena, so it is (in theory) a trusted source.

Philosophy, Religion & Society / Re: Trump
« on: May 05, 2021, 03:46:25 PM »

Claiming the folks who drafted the bill of rights couldn't predict change in the world is just plain ludicrous.

So now they ARE just 'folks who drafted' it, it's not the perfect word of god.

But you're now arguing that those folks could predict the future. Outstanding!

Philosophy, Religion & Society / Re: Trump
« on: May 05, 2021, 01:41:52 PM »
"The first ten are based on the natural order of things."

In short, what is this "natural order of things" to which you refer?
The natural order of persons being born with the ability to communicate, defend, and the need for security to allow for natural growth and progression.

Inherent to all things.

Among other things, slavery was still permitted after the first ten amandments were introduced. Black people couldnt vote, or be counted as citizens. Women couldnt vote. That's your "natural order of things"?

Bill of rights didnt quite cut it.

Philosophy, Religion & Society / Re: Trump
« on: May 05, 2021, 01:06:45 PM »
The first ten are based on the natural order of things.

This is either extremely ignorant or extremely racist. Or both.

Philosophy, Religion & Society / Re: Trump
« on: May 05, 2021, 12:39:58 PM »
So the constitution needed to be amended... so the deist founding fathers took the word from god and introduced the bill of rights, a perfect document that needs no changes. But then lawmakers continued adding amendments thereafter.

So was the word of god in the bill of rights not good enough? Just incomplete? The wording and the first ten are perfect, the big guy just left out a couple gaps for us normal folk to fill in and figure out as we go?

Flat Earth Theory / Re: Isostasy
« on: May 05, 2021, 12:31:38 PM »

It is interesting that you think that you know better than geologists, but I don't see a source that directly contradicts any of his statements. You have posted some definitions of isostasy, but this doesn't contradict what he says about it. You are basically telling us that you, a random person on the internet, disagrees with the assessment of a geologist. My response is "Okay.  ::)"

Post a quote from him and then a quote from another geologist which directly contradicts that statement. You are avoiding quoting him at all, or directly contradicting those statements. Since you have failed to do this, and are only posting definitions of isostasy, which that author doesn't even appear to disagree with in his comments, I don't see what you are contradicting here.

I don't claim to know more than "geologists" here, but I do think I know more about evidence for isostasy than the geologists quoted in the wiki page. But people shouldnt just believe some random guy on the internet, which is why I included actual definitions of isostasy, and excerpts from (or descriptions and  direct links to) peer-reviewed publications and real-world examples on the subject.

Obviously I cant force you to read them and if your only response is "okay", well then...OK!

I posted that for other people so that in the future when they're met with the same ol song and dance about how UA is sufficient to account for our perceived weight/acceleration on Earth because "we dont actually measure gravity, because the observations dont fit the model" (a crude paraphrasing there), people will have something to look back to.

That is, if they dont want to go to google scholar and go directly to the subject matter themselves!

Philosophy, Religion & Society / Re: Trump
« on: May 05, 2021, 12:11:40 PM »
The Bill of Rights was introduced alongside the first 10 amendments to the constitution

Philosophy, Religion & Society / Re: Trump
« on: May 05, 2021, 11:45:10 AM »
Given the fact the Founding Fathers were deists, it would not be an ideological leap to ascribe the Bill of Rights as being god-given.

They are most certainly based on a natural order of things, being all things are born with the ability to communicate and defend.

It is unnatural to believe it would somehow need updating.

So anyone who believes in god must also have a direct channel to hear what hes saying?

And doesnt need updating? That's why there are zero amendments, right?

Philosophy, Religion & Society / Re: President Joe Biden
« on: May 05, 2021, 01:08:28 AM »
Yeah, sitting politicians should notttt be able to use their office and public funds to essentially advertise their own platforms.

Just do things that people will talk about. That's your job. The advertising and promotional side should take care of itself. Biden bucks and trump cheques is all some next level bullshit. Give the people their money and then get back to work.

Flat Earth Investigations / Re: Cavendish experiment
« on: May 04, 2021, 05:48:08 PM »
Strap a scale to the bottom of your feet and go up for a rip in the vomit comet, or out into space. Think the number on the scale is going to stay constant?

Flat Earth Theory / Isostasy
« on: May 04, 2021, 04:20:17 PM »
The wiki page on isostasy  includes several problems.  Given it’s (perceived) purpose to validate the arguments against RE gravity it’s worth exploring some of these.

First, the opening sentence is a mischaracterization:
Isostasy is a concept in the(sic) Geology invoked to explain why the Earth’s structures do not behave in accordance to Gravity(sic), which states that greater mass should have greater attraction.
This is portrayed as a statement of fact, when the reality is that Isostacy is a concept that was developed to explain the equal (iso) balance (stasis) of earth’s surface and upper crust resting above the more ductile mantle.

Mainstream definitions and descriptions of isostasy provide a better sense of the concept:

From Joseph A. DiPietro in “Geology and Landscape Evolution 2nd edition:
Isostasy is the rising and settling of a portion of the Earth’s lithosphere when weight is removed or added in order to maintain equilibrium between buoyancy forces that push the lithosphere upward and gravity forces that pull the lithosphere downward
From Wikipedia:
Isostasy or isostatic equilibrium is the state of gravitational equilibrium between Earth’s crust and mantle such that the crust “floats” at an elevation that depends on its thickness and density.

The introduction continues with further misconceptions, stating:
It is expected that there should be a greater gravitational attraction from mountains than from hills, plateaus, and oceans, since mountains are more massive, yet ‘gravity’ readings do not reflect this.
Here it’s entirely unclear who expects that, or why it would be expected. The reason regional gravity measurements do not reflect that is explained by isostacy (and is illustrated by the figure of ‘inverse mountains’ lower on the wiki page.  Essentially, mountains are commonly composed of thick accumulations (tens of km locally) of low density rocks. The weight of these low-density rocks depresses the boundary with the underlying high-density mantle rocks, which then extend for ~2900 km down into Earth’s interior. The depression of the contact is what creates the overall mass-deficit in mountainous regions which produces the reduced gravity signal.

From Karner and Watts (1983): “gravity anomalies and flexure of the lithosphere at mountain ranges”:
The Bouguer gravity anomaly over the Himalayan, Alpine, and Appalachian mountains is characterized by a generally asymmetric gravity “low”, which spans the mountains and associated foreland basins. The minimum of the gravity “low” is generally systematically displaced from the region of greatest topographic relief and shows no obvious relationship to surface geology. In addition, the Alps and Appalachians are associated with a generally symmetric gravity “high” that is unrelated to the topographic relief. Together the gravity low and high form a characteristic positive‐negative anomaly “couple”.

The arguments against Isostasy in the Wiki revolve around the comments by two geologists. The first is an exploration geologist from Australia, Louis Hissink, provides a discussion against gravity and isostasy, stemming from some anomalous downhole geophysical data readings. It’s unclear what downhole tools were used, or how the results were anomalous, so it’s impossible (I would argue not relevant) to discuss the merits of the origins for his skepticism, but the central points he brings up demonstrate a lack of understanding of the concept of isostacy as a whole. After claiming parts of plate tectonic theory do not support the theory of gravity, he continues:
Because of this manner of thinking, which leads to the illogical scenario of low density rocks floating in a more dense substrate, ice caps are believed to depress the crust underneath them, and when the ice melts, the crust re-adjusts by expanding upwards … but just how a rock of density 1 kg/M^3(sic) can sink into crust of density 2.7 kg/M^3(sic) is explained by the principle of isostasy. This assertion is simply crazy – logical but crazy and came about from misinterpreting the earlier surveying data where the plumbline did not deflect as expected from calculations compensating for the mass of the adjacent mountain.
It’s unclear exactly what is ‘crazy’ about isostasy. There is nothing illogical about the scenario of low density material floating in more dense substrate. Take a bucket of water (1 g/cm3), filled to the brim, and place it on a scale. Now place large block of ice (0.9g/cm3) into the bucket. A large volume of water will spill out, the ice will partially float in the bucket, with the highest point of ice rising above the rim of the bucket, and the resulting mass of the bucket-water-ice block will be lower than with just water – isostasy in a bucket!

Hissink mentions crustal emergence around the Baltic Sea and in Canada as proof of glacial isostasy. And it’s worth expanding on glacial isostatic rebound for two reasons: first, regions in Canada and the Baltic experiencing high rates of glacial isostatic rebound are tectonically stable, limiting the potential influence of modern plate tectonic forces on the data; and second glaciers are great, and the deposits they left behind give a great opportunity to explore some fundamental concepts.

“water always finds its level” is a line that is read throughout this site, because it’s true! The fun part is that in basins affected by isostatic adjustment, ‘level’ is not static. We know the Great Lakes are ‘level’ currently, but the shorelines of lakes that occupied the Great Lakes basins in the past rise towards the North and northeast, on exponential curves! The elevations of the shoreline of Glacial Lake Algonquin rises from Below modern water surface elevations of Lake Michigan-Huron(176m asl) in the south, to greater than 375 m asl north and northeast of Georgian Bay.

Here’s a paper that looks and past and recent uplift across the Great Lakes region:  - note that the rate of uplift decreases over time and the total magnitude increases toward the N-NE, such that older lakes are more tilted (because ‘level’ has been changed so much from subsequent isostatic adjustment). Critically, modern GPS data and water level gauges show ongoing adjustments, in line with the warping of paleo-lake shorelines:

modern water level gauge data and uplift modelling in Great lakes

GPS data showing vertical and horizontal movement across US, Canada, and parts of Greenland

Demonstrating the case for glacioisostasy places the discussion of isostasy relative to mountains and ocean trenches into a clearer space by demonstrating the physical, measurable effects of loading huge volumes of low-density material (ice) onto more dense material (crustal rocks and sediments). It is an excellent analog for the mountains (low density rocks in earth’s upper crust) overlying and depressing denser mantle rock – just like the block of ice in a bucket of water.

In the wiki article on isostasy, David Pratt provides additional comments on perceived ‘discrepancies’. These are again based on poor understanding of what is ‘expected’  for gravitational attraction above mountains and continents compared to low-lying areas. A quote from Physicist Maurice Allais is provided to characterize isostasy as a ‘pseudoexplanation’, but a link to ref [15] is not provided in the page’s footnotes. Pratt’s section is concluded with an argument from incredulity asking why positive gravity anomalies can occur in some areas with vertical tectonic movements.

The wiki page then discusses an excerpt from an article in the Journal of the Geological Society of India (vol. 58, Nov 2001). I don’t have access to the full article, but it does appear as though the article’s authors are suggesting the issue arises from conflicting datums, and they begin to propose an answer to the perceived conflict between negative and positive gravity anomalies, which
may be overcome by applying free air correction factor to all the anomalies for a constant height, in the free air, as in the case of airborne surveys.
The alternative explanation that concludes the Wiki page on isostasy leads the reader to oft-discussed gravimeter-seismometer arguments, which I will not repeat here.

It’s worth noting that other parts of the FES wiki – see the Ice wall page – do support the idea that ice in Antarctic outlet glaciers and ice streams does depress the underlying crust there.

Who cares? Isostasy is a minor detail and doesn’t actually say anything about the shape of the earth.

It IS, though, an important part of our understanding of geological processes and of regional variations in the strength of gravitational attraction by the Earth. Dismissal of gravity as a viable theory, partially based on the perceived flaws between observed gravity signals and what is ‘expected’ along major geological features at surface is a common folly here. The Wiki article does not provide any real evidence refuting the theory of isostasy. Therefore, the observation that the strength of earth’s gravity vary by location remains valid. This is an observation that creates significant issues for FET’s equivalency-based arguments against gravity, i.e. that what we ‘feel’ as Earth’s gravity accelerating us downward could equally be described as the Earth accelerating us upward. Until UA can account for local and regional variations in observed gravitational attraction, it can’t be viewed as a viable alternative to RE gravity.

Flat Earth Investigations / Re: Cavendish experiment
« on: May 04, 2021, 01:22:27 AM »
You're acting like the futurism article is the only source that matters on the topic, when the reality is that the Cavendish experiment has been performed many times (vacuum chamber, electrically grounded masses) and is continually updated and improved to explore the limits of gravitational attraction

Granted, no one is satisfied with the lack of precision compared to other universal constants, but science is more than just a body of knowledge, it's the search for answers to questions we might not have even though to ask yet.

Arts & Entertainment / Re: Just Watched
« on: May 03, 2021, 09:50:53 PM »
Agree almost entirely. Got off to a very slow start, but Bucky and Falcon made a great pair. Pacing and content dramatically improved in episodes 2-6. Kudos for highlighting and tackling some pretty heavy issues, I thought were (mostly) handled pretty well, hitting a variety of smaller topics along the way the arc was relatively well thought out, but they cut short the completion of Bucky's arc,  and the one line at the culmination of Falcon's  seemed a bit hokey (but I'm a middle class white dude so I'll stfu). Antagonist was very 1-D and the 'twist' was telegraphed a mile away.

Flat Earth Investigations / Re: Cavendish experiment
« on: May 03, 2021, 02:27:04 PM »
Action80 demonstrating some impressively poor understanding of how anything works!

Take any ball between the size of a golf ball and a soft ball. Immerse it in water. Pull it out and give it a quick shake. The thin film of water remaining on the ball is about the same proportion as the oceans covering the earth. That film stays on the ball, even if you move it around, spin it at 1 rev/dat, whatever. And that's in the presence of an external force acting on the whole mini-system.

Want to put more water onto balls? Freeze some of the water...or add a force like static electricity, or do it in near-zero force environment like the ISS (or vomit comet).

But if you really want lots of water, like trillions of gallons... stick it to a spinning ball with a radius of several thousand km.  2.5km deep ocean on a ~5600 km radius earth equates to a layer of water on a ball that is 0.04% of its radius.

Philosophy, Religion & Society / Re: Trump
« on: May 01, 2021, 01:03:23 AM »
Dont forget bringing underage girls across international boundaries for sex.

And that ignores all the election shenanigans he's tied to (again, allegedly, but almost certainly).

It makes sense you haven't heard of him. It seems as though republicans are doing their very best to distance themselves.

Philosophy, Religion & Society / Re: Trump
« on: April 30, 2021, 12:21:54 PM »
Everything about this multi-faceted Gaetzgate is just beyond insane.

Flat Earth Investigations / Re: Cavendish experiment
« on: April 27, 2021, 02:15:40 AM »
So he does! (Good for him!)  Hes got a cool little observatory/astrophotography enterprise going now too.

Next question: is this the only gravity-related article written by him that we can trust on the subject? Or are any of his other several articles like the creation of black holes, or gravitational redshifts to be trusted as well?

Those are, admittedly, not directly about the Cavendish experiment results, but I would argue they still hold relevance to the potential discussion here, given that our understanding of gravity is a little bit important in those phenomena.

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