Offline Dionysios

  • *
  • Posts: 277
    • View Profile
Volume I, Section 2: Flat Earth History
« on: February 24, 2015, 04:02:08 AM »
TABLE OF CONTENTS

I. ANCIENT COSMOLOGIES

Introductory

Common Characteristics
    a. Flat Earth
    b. Cosmic Mountain
    c. Flood 

A. ASIATIC

- Hebrew
Israelite Cosmos
History

- Babylonian
Babylonian Cosmos
History
Footnotes

- Arab
Arab Cosmos
History
Footnotes

- Persian
Persian Cosmos
History
Footnotes

- Hindu
Hindu Cosmos
History
Footnotes

- Jain
Jain Cosmos
History
Footnotes

- Chinese
Chinese Cosmos
History
Footnotes

B. EUROPEAN

- Greek
Greek Cosmos
History
Footnotes

- Latin
Latin Cosmos
History
Footnotes

- Ireland
Erie Cosmos
History

- Scandinavia
Norse Cosmos
History
Footnotes

C. AFRICAN 

- Egyptian
Egyptian Cosmos
History
Footnotes

D. OCEANUS

Alaska 
Aleutian Cosmos
History
Footnotes

Nunavut
Inuit Cosmos
History
Footnotes

- Hawaii
Hawaiian Cosmos
History
Footnotes

- Tahiti
Tahitian Cosmos
History
Footnotes

- Maya
Mayan Cosmos
History
Footnotes

- Inca
Incan Cosmos
History
Footnotes

- Aztec
Nahuan Cosmos
History
Footnotes 

E. CHRISTIAN

Christian Cosmos
History 
Footnotes 

F. SAMUEL ROWBOTHAM 

‘Plane Truth: A History of the Flat Earth Movement’
By Robert Schadewald
http://www.cantab.net/users/michael.behrend/ebooks/PlaneTruth/pages/index.html

‘Flat Earth: The History of an Infamous Idea’
By Christine Garwood
https://books.google.com/books/about/Flat_Earth.html?id=7uRuzP1RydAC&printsec=frontcover&source=kp_read_button

‘Flat Earth Clues: End of the World’
By Mark Sargent
https://www.amazon.com/Flat-Earth-Clues-End-World/dp/1086579003/ref=mp_s_a_1_2?dchild=1&qid=1592092414&refinements=p_27%3AMark+Sargent&s=books&sr=1-2&text=Mark+Sargent

------------------------------------------
Note: This post is a work in progress and will be repeatedly updated.
« Last Edit: June 13, 2020, 11:55:20 PM by Dionysios »

Offline Dionysios

  • *
  • Posts: 277
    • View Profile
Re: Volume I, Section 2: Flat Earth History
« Reply #1 on: March 07, 2015, 06:26:30 AM »
FLAT EARTH HISTORY

I. ANCIENT COSMOLOGIES

Common Characteristics
    a. Flat Earth
    b. Cosmic Mountain
    c. Flood 

A. ASIATIC

- HEBREW
‘The Hebrew Conception of the World’
By Luis Stadelmann (1970)
This book shows that the ancient Israelites adhered to a flat earth cosmos.
History

- BABYLONIAN 
‘Mesopotamian Cosmic Geography’
By Wayne Horowitz
(of Hebrew University)
This book corroborates the view of Cosmas Indicopleustes that the Greeks inherited their globular beliefs from the Babylonians. Horowitz says ancient Babylonian cosmologies were originally flat earth, but historically most of them posited a spherical earth. Thus, ancient Babylon was the source of the heresy of globularism.
Horowitz also notes that the accuracy of their astronomical observations is irrelevant to the shape of the earth in which they believed.

https://www.amazon.com/Mesopotamian-Cosmic-Geography-Civilizations/dp/1575062151

- ARAB
 
ARAB COSMOS
In Sufi tradition a great mountain called Qaf exists in the northern ocean.   

HISTORY

FOOTNOTES
'The King of the World' by Rene Guenon

- Persian
Persian Cosmos
History
Footnotes

- HINDU

HINDU COSMOS
In an ancient hindu tradition, four Maharajas sit at the four corners of the flat earth.  They have a king over them who resides at the centre underneath the earth.
 
HISTORY
A major medieval Hindu astronomical book known as the Surya Siddhanta is evidence that medieval India adopted and preserved Greek spherical doctrines.   

FOOTNOTES
'King of the World' by Rene Guenon
'Surya Siddhanta'

- Jain
Jain Cosmos
History
Footnotes

- CHINA

CHINESE COSMOS
Zhou Bi Suan Jing
- the ancient Chinese flat earth classic
https://avserzhen.files.wordpress.com/2016/06/astronomy-and-mathematic-in-ancient-china.pdf

HISTORY 
- 'Science and Civilisation in China Volume 3:
Mathematics and the Science of the Heavens and the Earth’
By Joseph Needham
https://www.amazon.com/Science-Civilisation-China-Mathematics-Sciences/dp/0521058015

- ‘When the Earth Was Flat:
Studies in Ancient Greek and Chinese Cosmology’
By Dirk Couprie
https://books.google.com/books/about/When_the_Earth_Was_Flat.html?id=QO51DwAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover&source=kp_read_button

B. EUROPEAN

- GREEK 
‘Heaven and Earth in Ancient Greek Cosmology’
By Dirk Couprie
https://books.google.com/books/about/Heaven_and_Earth_in_Ancient_Greek_Cosmol.html?id=MUmdgyUA8bgC&printsec=frontcover&source=kp_read_button

- LATIN

- IRELAND

ERIE COSMOS 
The four lands with a capitol located at____.
- Rene Guenon

- Scandinavia
Norse Cosmos

C. AFRICAN 

- Egyptian

D. OCEANUS

Alaska 
Aleutian Cosmos

Nunavut
Inuit Cosmos

- Hawaii
Hawaiian Cosmos
History
Footnotes

- Polynesia

- Maya
Mayan Cosmos

- Inca
Incan Cosmos
History
Footnotes

- Aztec
Nahuan Cosmos
History
Footnotes 

E. CHRISTIAN

CHRISTIAN COSMOS
The Book of Enoch,
The Book of the Courses of the Heavenly Luminaries 

HISTORY
Roman Emperor Constantine I the Great,
had his children tutored by Lactantius   

Russian Old Orthodox Christians (Old Believers) 
https://www.wdl.org/en/item/16970/#fbclid=IwAR0OXiNbyhSoF6UkBLNEpdRGNY4LXnL_sG9zfjgiVbepsa41eokJWUhW3GA

‘Commentary on Saint Paul’s Epistle to the Hebrews’
By Saint John Chrysostom

'Dawn of Modern Geography'
By Raymond Beazeley
https://archive.org/details/in.ernet.dli.2015.39018
 
'Christian Topography'
By Cosmas Indicopleustes
https://www.sacred-texts.com/earth/ct/index.htm

- Review of a scholarly technical history of this book and it’s influence in the Christian East over many centuries: https://bmcr.brynmawr.edu/2014/2014.07.23

Blessed Jerome of Bethlem
'Cosmology of Aethicus Ister' translated by Michael Herren
https://www.amazon.com/Cosmography-Aethicus-Ister-Translation-Publications/dp/2503535771

'The Divine Institutes'
By Lactantius
http://www.documentacatholicaomnia.eu/03d/0240-0320,_Lactantius,_Divinarum_Institutionum_%5BOmnes_Libri_Collecti%5D_%5BSchaff%5D,_EN.pdf

Flat Earth Declarations by Roman Emperor Justinian
'The Madaba Map Centenary 1897-1997'
By Eugenio Piccirillo and Michelle Alliata
http://www.sbf.custodia.org/it/publications/collectio-maior/madaba-map-centenary-1897-1997

F. ETHIOPIA 



G. SAMUEL ROWBOTHAM

‘Plane Truth: A History of the Flat Earth Movement’
By Robert Schadewald
http://www.cantab.net/users/michael.behrend/ebooks/PlaneTruth/pages/index.html

‘Flat Earth: The History of an Infamous Idea’
By Christine Garwood
https://books.google.com/books/about/Flat_Earth.html?id=7uRuzP1RydAC&printsec=frontcover&source=kp_read_button

‘Flat Earth Clues: End of the World’
By Mark Sargent
- history of the YouTube and meetup flat earth movement from 2014 to 2019
https://www.amazon.com/Flat-Earth-Clues-End-World/dp/1086579003/ref=mp_s_a_1_2?dchild=1&qid=1592092414&refinements=p_27%3AMark+Sargent&s=books&sr=1-2&text=Mark+Sargent

------------------------------------------
Note: Both this outline and the bibliography are works in progress and will be repeatedly updated, organized, and edited as time permits.
« Last Edit: June 14, 2020, 12:34:13 AM by Dionysios »

Offline Dionysios

  • *
  • Posts: 277
    • View Profile
Re: Volume I, Section 2: Flat Earth History
« Reply #2 on: March 07, 2015, 06:59:02 AM »
BIBLIOGRAPHY

GENERAL WORKS

‘An Historical Survey of the Cosmology of the Ancients’
By Sir George Lewis
https://books.google.com/books?id=pVsnTktSOIcC&dq=%22speculative%20astronomy%22%20%22The%20End%22&pg=PR1#v=onepage&q&f=false

'Dawn of Modern Geography' (3 volumes)
By Raymond Beazeley
Volume 1:
https://archive.org/details/in.ernet.dli.2015.39018

'History of the Conflict Between Religion and Science'
By John William Draper

'Flat Earth: The History of an Infamous Idea'
By Christine Garwood

'The History of Cartography'
Edited by J.B. Harley and David Woodward
http://www.press.uchicago.edu/books/HOC/HOC_V2_B1/Volume2_Book1.html

'Museum of Science and Art'
By Dionysius Lardner

'Budget of Paradoxes'
By August de Morgan

'A History of the Warfare of Theology and Science in Christendom'
By Andrew Dickson White
http://aren.org/prison/documents/religion/Misc/History%20of%20the%20Warfare%20of%20Science%20with%20Theology%20in%20Christendom--Andrew%20Dickson%20White.pdf

'The Sleepwalkers: A History of Man's Changing Vision of the Universe'
By Arthur Koestler (1959)

'Cosmologies' Wikipedia article;
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cosmology
« Last Edit: June 14, 2020, 12:02:14 AM by Dionysios »

*

Offline nametaken

  • *
  • Posts: 87
  • ͡ ͡° ͜ ʖ ͡ ͡°
    • View Profile
Re: Volume I, Section 2: Flat Earth History
« Reply #3 on: March 16, 2016, 04:29:46 AM »
Got the warning not to post here due to it not being posted in, in at least 120 days.

But just wanted to say, you could also draw sources from say, the wikipedia page for cosmologies.

Even wikipedia makes it obvious that there are a lot of (relatively) modern schools of thought outside typical spiritual beliefs, for example. Though, ties to the antediluvian world obviously take precedence as this outline obviously notes. The Hindu tradition, specifically, has a lot of resources to draw from.
The Flat Earth Society has members all around the Globe
[H]ominem unius libri timeo ~Truth is stranger.

Offline Dionysios

  • *
  • Posts: 277
    • View Profile
Re: Volume I, Section 2: Flat Earth History
« Reply #4 on: January 13, 2018, 09:15:02 PM »
The chief book for the history of the Flat Earth movement from the time of Samuel Rowbotham to Charles Johnson was written by Robert Schadewald and published posthumously in 2015.

‘Plane Truth: A History of the Flat Earth Movement’
By Robert Schadewald

http://www.cantab.net/users/michael.behrend/ebooks/PlaneTruth/pages/index.html

*

Offline Tom Bishop

  • Moderator
  • *****
  • Posts: 7324
  • Flat Earth Believer
    • View Profile
Re: Volume I, Section 2: Flat Earth History
« Reply #5 on: January 20, 2018, 02:21:06 AM »
Thank you Dionysis, I have started to read that book and have found it to be interesting. I am seeking to include it in our library. Here is a book I came across that you may find of interest:

An Historical Survey of the Astronomy of the Ancients
« Last Edit: January 20, 2018, 02:25:40 AM by Tom Bishop »
"The biggest problem in astronomy is that when we look at something in the sky, we don’t know how far away it is" — Pauline Barmby, Ph.D., Professor of Astronomy