#### Tom Bishop

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• Flat Earth Believer
##### Re: FE YouTuber Unwittingly Provides RE Evidence
« Reply #20 on: August 10, 2018, 08:02:50 PM »
We may be looking at the wrong hills. The Chino hills are 55 miles out and he is talking about are 20 miles out. The ones that are 20 miles out seem to be the Baldwin Hills.

Look at the hills JTolan is talking about:

From USGS Topo map zoomed out view:

But if this is like the other USGS map of the Chino Hills from the same system (I have a Topographic map on the previous page), the Baldwin Hills heights are 400+ meters. JTolan may be mistaken that it is 400+ feet.

Direct USGS Link to above: https://ngmdb.usgs.gov/topoview/viewer/#15/34.0044/-118.3658

The peaks seem able to range from 400 to 500+ meters if the units are the same as the Chino Hills map from the same system.

400 meters = 1312.34 ft

From the Angular Diameter Calc

https://rechneronline.de/sehwinkel/angular-diameter.php

g: 1312.34 feet
r: 105600 ft (20 miles in feet)
a: 0.712

This combined about what I wrote before:

Quote
Earth Curve Calculator: https://dizzib.github.io/earth/curve-calc/
Angular diameter calculator: https://rechneronline.de/sehwinkel/angular-diameter.php

Angular Diameter Calc: Full View of Mountain Without Curve

g: 10800 (Full Height of Mountain in Feet)
r: 633600 (120 Mi in Feet)
= a: 0.977 degrees

Angular Diameter Calc: Round Earth Amount of Mountain Hidden Behind Curve

g: 7351.2413 (Amount hidden below horizon according to Earth Curve Calc with elevation of 150 feet over 120 miles)
r: 633600 (120 Mi in Feet)
= a: 0.665 degrees

0.977 degrees - 0.665 degrees = 0.312 Degrees of Mountain Visible Above Curvature of Earth

If the units are meters, rather than feet, like the Chino Hills map from the same system, it seems to suggest that none of the mountain should be visible.
« Last Edit: August 10, 2018, 08:18:29 PM by Tom Bishop »

#### Bobby Shafto

• 1390
##### Re: FE YouTuber Unwittingly Provides RE Evidence
« Reply #21 on: August 10, 2018, 08:15:07 PM »
We may be looking at the wrong hills. The Chino hills are 55 miles out and he is talking about ones that are 20 miles out.
I'll read the rest of what your wrote after that, but I'd like to first comment that I skipped over your identification of that obscuring ridge at being the elevation 1600+ foot elevation rise 55-60 miles away from Malibu Bluffs because I didn't want to bog down on that since it didn't matter. Claiming that was Chino Hills benefited your flat earth argument, but I let it go because it still didn't work out in FE favor.

I wasn't making that mistake. I know those are the lower hills at 18-20 miles we're seeing, which constitute the area around S. La Brea Ave and the Inglewood oil fields. If you read my previous posts, you can see that. Plus, JTolen also identified that land rise as 400' elevation 20 miles down range. I worked a higher elevation figure (450') than did JTolen, and that's how I arrived at a no-refraction 1455' (13%) visible.

That difference (me using 450' hills at 20 miles; you using 1657' hills at 55 miles) probably accounts for the difference between my 13% visible and your 11% visible conclusions, though you also used 120 miles to San Jacinto whereas I used the correct 117 miles.

On a flat earth, the Chino Hills rise should be visible higher than the Ladera Heights rise. On a globe earth, they should not. I don't see them in the image, so as I said earlier, that's another point in favor of a convex earth.

« Last Edit: August 10, 2018, 08:30:43 PM by Bobby Shafto »

#### Tom Bishop

• Zetetic Council Member
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• Flat Earth Believer
##### Re: FE YouTuber Unwittingly Provides RE Evidence
« Reply #22 on: August 10, 2018, 08:22:59 PM »
I may be mistaken. After checking with other sources on the height of those hills, the USGS map appears to be in feet. It changes units between feet and meters depending on what map you are looking at, without indication that the units have changed.

JTolan is correct that they are 400+ feet in height.
« Last Edit: August 11, 2018, 01:07:10 AM by Tom Bishop »

#### Bobby Shafto

• 1390
##### Re: FE YouTuber Unwittingly Provides RE Evidence
« Reply #23 on: August 10, 2018, 08:27:19 PM »

From USGS Topo map zoomed out view:

But if this is like the other USGS map of the Chino Hills from the same system (I have a Topographic map on the previous page), the Baldwin Hills heights are 400+ meters. JTolan may be mistaken that it is 400+ feet.

You're looking at the wrong spot, Tom.  Looks like you do have the right spot (though Baldwin Hills are more to the north). Based on your thinking that the elevation was 400 m vice 400 ft, I thought maybe you were looking at the Hollywood Hills on the topo chart.

Here. This is where the sight line crosses the highest elevation point of those hills.
« Last Edit: August 10, 2018, 08:32:59 PM by Bobby Shafto »

#### Tom Bishop

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##### Re: FE YouTuber Unwittingly Provides RE Evidence
« Reply #24 on: August 10, 2018, 08:30:44 PM »
I will take a look at your location argument in a minute.

From the Angular Diameter Calc

https://rechneronline.de/sehwinkel/angular-diameter.php

g: 400 feet
r: 105600 ft (20 miles in feet)
a: 0.217

From earlier:

Quote
Earth Curve Calculator: https://dizzib.github.io/earth/curve-calc/
Angular diameter calculator: https://rechneronline.de/sehwinkel/angular-diameter.php

Angular Diameter Calc: Full View of Mountain Without Curve

g: 10800 (Full Height of Mountain in Feet)
r: 633600 (120 Mi in Feet)
= a: 0.977 degrees

Angular Diameter Calc: Round Earth Amount of Mountain Hidden Behind Curve

g: 7351.2413 (Amount hidden below horizon in feet according to Earth Curve Calc with elevation of 150 feet over 120 miles)
r: 633600 (120 Mi in Feet)
= a: 0.665 degrees

0.977 degrees - 0.665 degrees = 0.312 Degrees of Mountain Visible Above Curvature of Earth

0.312 - 0.217 = 0.095 degrees visible.

If the units are in feet, it still appears that the entirety of the mountain should essentially be invisible.
« Last Edit: August 10, 2018, 08:46:55 PM by Tom Bishop »

#### Tom Bishop

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##### Re: FE YouTuber Unwittingly Provides RE Evidence
« Reply #25 on: August 10, 2018, 08:37:51 PM »

Yes, the two locations seem to be the same.

#### Bobby Shafto

• 1390
##### Re: FE YouTuber Unwittingly Provides RE Evidence
« Reply #26 on: August 10, 2018, 08:44:24 PM »

Yes, the two locations seem to be the same.
We're on the same sheet of music now. Yeah, I never noticed that that was also Baldwin Hills on the east side of that Kenneth Hahn State Recreation Area. That ridge line is the western edge of the eastern section of that bedroom community. Baldwin Hills is at the northern edge of those hill. South La Brea Ave runs right along that ridge line.

So, as long as we're agreeing that it's 400' (I'm actually calling it 450' along the point where the Malibu-San Jacinto sight line crosses it) at a distance of 20 miles, we're working from the same data. The only thing you might still want to correct is the distance to San Jacinto. JTolen has it at 120 miles on his graphic, but he cites the correct distance of 117 miles (617,760 feet) in the video. And that's what the distance maps out to be also.

#### timterroo

• 685
• domo arigato gozaimashita
##### Re: FE YouTuber Unwittingly Provides RE Evidence
« Reply #27 on: August 10, 2018, 08:57:23 PM »
Without spending a terrible amount of time trying to understand all the numbers being thrown out here, here is where my brain takes me:

If the earth curves 8" per mile, and the viewing distance is 150 miles, that calculates to a drop of 100 feet per 150 miles. (150*8 )/12 = 100

So if you are trying to see a 10,000 foot mountain from 150 miles away, you should still be able to see 9,900 feet of the mountain. Correct?

If I have understood the curvature and done the math correctly, I have no idea why this is proof the earth is flat. You would absolutely be able to see the mountains from that distance on a round earth....

Edit: been a long day, and I just realized it is 8" per mile squared, so when Im not driving I'll recalculate ... Sorry if this is what you have already done.
« Last Edit: August 10, 2018, 09:05:17 PM by timterroo »
"noche te ipsum"

"If you can't explain it simply, you don't understand it well enough."  - Albert Einstein

#### timterroo

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• domo arigato gozaimashita
##### Re: FE YouTuber Unwittingly Provides RE Evidence
« Reply #28 on: August 10, 2018, 09:24:16 PM »
Ok, so just using an online calculator it looks like the drop at 150 miles should be around 15,000 feet, so now this is a huge problem for RE.... That is very peculiar to say the least!
"noche te ipsum"

"If you can't explain it simply, you don't understand it well enough."  - Albert Einstein

#### Tom Bishop

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• Flat Earth Believer
##### Re: FE YouTuber Unwittingly Provides RE Evidence
« Reply #29 on: August 10, 2018, 09:31:14 PM »

Yes, the two locations seem to be the same.
We're on the same sheet of music now. Yeah, I never noticed that that was also Baldwin Hills on the east side of that Kenneth Hahn State Recreation Area. That ridge line is the western edge of the eastern section of that bedroom community. Baldwin Hills is at the northern edge of those hill. South La Brea Ave runs right along that ridge line.

So, as long as we're agreeing that it's 400' (I'm actually calling it 450' along the point where the Malibu-San Jacinto sight line crosses it) at a distance of 20 miles, we're working from the same data. The only thing you might still want to correct is the distance to San Jacinto. JTolen has it at 120 miles on his graphic, but he cites the correct distance of 117 miles (617,760 feet) in the video. And that's what the distance maps out to be also.

Okay, here it is with your numbers (I haven't checked whether it is 117 miles or 120 miles -- JTolan's map lists the locations at over 120 miles away):

Earth Curve Calculator: https://dizzib.github.io/earth/curve-calc/
Angular diameter calculator: https://rechneronline.de/sehwinkel/angular-diameter.php

Full View of Mountain Without Curve

g: 10800 (Full Height of Mountain in Feet)
r: 617760 (117 Mi in Feet)
= a: 1.002 degrees

Round Earth Amount of Mountain Hidden Behind Curve

g: 6937.2487 feet (Amount hidden below horizon according to Earth Curve Calc with elevation of 150 feet over 117 miles)
r: 617,760 (117 Mi in Feet)
= a: 0.643 degrees

1.002 - 0.643 = 0.359 Mountain Visible Above Earth Curve

Baldwin Hill Height using 450 feet (Your midpoint number -- there are elevations between 400 and 513 feet)

According to earth curve calc, at an elevation of 150 feet, over 20 miles, 16.6866 feet is hidden

450 - 16.6866 = 433.3134

g: 433.3134
r: 105600 ft (20 miles in feet)
a: 0.235

If the mountain is 117 miles away, with a hill height of 450 feet:

0.359 (Visible RET Mountain 117 miles away) - 0.235 (hills) = 0.124 degrees above the horizon

If the mountain is 120 miles away, with a hill height of 450 feet:

0.312 (Visible RET Mountain 120 miles away from last post) - 0.235 (hills) = 0.077 degrees above the horizon
« Last Edit: August 11, 2018, 03:16:30 AM by Tom Bishop »

#### timterroo

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• domo arigato gozaimashita
##### Re: FE YouTuber Unwittingly Provides RE Evidence
« Reply #30 on: August 10, 2018, 09:33:58 PM »
Ok so the viewing distance is 120 miles, not 150.  That makes a huge difference.  At that distance about 1/3 of the mountain should still be visible.  Which is what it looks like in that video.
"noche te ipsum"

"If you can't explain it simply, you don't understand it well enough."  - Albert Einstein

#### Tom Bishop

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##### Re: FE YouTuber Unwittingly Provides RE Evidence
« Reply #31 on: August 10, 2018, 09:44:36 PM »
I took my numbers above and broke it down by ratio to see how much would be above the horizon according to RET:

If the mountain is 117 miles away, with a hill height of 450 feet:

0.124 (viewable mountain due to earth curve + hills) / 1.002 (full mountain 117 miles away) = 0.12 or 12% above the horizon

If the mountain is 120 miles away, with a hill height of 450 feet:

0.077 (viewable mountain due to earth curve + hills) / 0.977 (full mountain  120 miles away) = 0.078 or 7.8% above the horizon
« Last Edit: August 12, 2018, 07:21:37 PM by Tom Bishop »

#### Bobby Shafto

• 1390
##### Re: FE YouTuber Unwittingly Provides RE Evidence
« Reply #32 on: August 10, 2018, 09:58:27 PM »
I took my numbers above and broke it down by ratio to see how much would be above the horizon:

If the mountain is 117 miles away, with a hill height of 450 feet: 433.5 feet

0.124 (viewable mountain due to earth curve + hills w/ curve) /1.002 (full mountain) = 0.12 or 12% above the horizon

You got 12% of the mountain visible 117 miles away from an elevated vantage point of 150' and given a terrestrial obstacle of 450' 20 miles away.

I got 13%.

That's close enough for me that I don't think I need to quibble over the small delta.

Work out the geometry for a flat earth topography now.

#### Bobby Shafto

• 1390
##### Re: FE YouTuber Unwittingly Provides RE Evidence
« Reply #33 on: August 10, 2018, 10:06:56 PM »
Ok so the viewing distance is 120 miles, not 150.  That makes a huge difference.  At that distance about 1/3 of the mountain should still be visible.  Which is what it looks like in that video.

The problem isn't a straightforward earth curve calculation. There's a 450' obstruction 20 miles down range that increases the amount hidden. It, too, is affected by the curvature so not all 450' serves as obstruction.

#### timterroo

• 685
• domo arigato gozaimashita
##### Re: FE YouTuber Unwittingly Provides RE Evidence
« Reply #34 on: August 10, 2018, 10:23:45 PM »
Ok so the viewing distance is 120 miles, not 150.  That makes a huge difference.  At that distance about 1/3 of the mountain should still be visible.  Which is what it looks like in that video.

The problem isn't a straightforward earth curve calculation. There's a 450' obstruction 20 miles down range that increases the amount hidden. It, too, is affected by the curvature so not all 450' serves as obstruction.

Ok, I assume that is what the current debate with all the numbers and figs is all about... That was a good summarization of it, thanks!

Thanks again to you both for putting up with my late and slightly discombobulated entry into this discussion!
"noche te ipsum"

"If you can't explain it simply, you don't understand it well enough."  - Albert Einstein

#### Tom Bishop

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##### Re: FE YouTuber Unwittingly Provides RE Evidence
« Reply #35 on: August 10, 2018, 10:29:50 PM »

Does the viewable mountain below looks like it takes up 7.8 - 13% of the total mountain?

« Last Edit: August 10, 2018, 10:53:46 PM by Tom Bishop »

#### Bobby Shafto

• 1390
##### Re: FE YouTuber Unwittingly Provides RE Evidence
« Reply #36 on: August 10, 2018, 10:41:46 PM »

Does the viewable mountain below looks like it takes up 7.8 - 13% of the total mountain?

Not sure if serious.

Before we go onto that aspect of the analysis, are we in agreement that JTolen Media1 was wrong to claim that San Jacinto should not be visible from Malibu Bluffs?

Will you work out what the flat earth predicts the visible/not visible height values should be?

With those in hand, along with our RE calculated numbers, I'm more than eager to dive into what we're seeing in these images.

#### timterroo

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• domo arigato gozaimashita
##### Re: FE YouTuber Unwittingly Provides RE Evidence
« Reply #37 on: August 10, 2018, 10:42:27 PM »
Tom, you are talking about perception. I love mountains and pay very close attention to them, and when you are far away from a mountain it always looks like you are viewing the entire mountain. The hint that you are not is that regardless how large the mountain looks from afar, you don't see any trees in the mountain. That means you are looking at the timberline which is the last few thousand feet of a mountain (depending on the mountain).
"noche te ipsum"

"If you can't explain it simply, you don't understand it well enough."  - Albert Einstein

#### Tom Bishop

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• Flat Earth Believer
##### Re: FE YouTuber Unwittingly Provides RE Evidence
« Reply #38 on: August 10, 2018, 10:45:14 PM »
If we shrink and overlay the JTolan mountain over the the ground view from the Street View from that nearby town we will get something similar to what we did earlier:

Going with your 13%, it seems a little odd that the base of the mountain is way down there in the closer overlay photo you posted:

The base of the mountain will be WAY below where it should be, if we are only seeing ~7.8% to 13% of that mountain.
« Last Edit: August 10, 2018, 10:54:44 PM by Tom Bishop »

#### Tom Bishop

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##### Re: FE YouTuber Unwittingly Provides RE Evidence
« Reply #39 on: August 11, 2018, 12:27:31 AM »
Street View image from town near mountain with overlay: